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J Neurosci. 2009 Aug 26;29(34):10663-70. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2167-09.2009.

DNA-based MRI probes for specific detection of chronic exposure to amphetamine in living brains.

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  • 1Laboratory for Gene Transcript Targeting, Imaging and Repair, Massachusetts General Hospital, Charlestown, Massachusetts 02129, USA.

Abstract

We designed phosphorothioate-modified DNA probes linked to superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPION) for in vivo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of fosB and Delta fosB mRNA after amphetamine (AMPH) exposure in mice. Specificity of both the fosB and Delta fosB probes was verified by in vitro reverse transcriptase-PCR amplification to a single fragment of total cDNA obtained from acutely AMPH-exposed mouse brains. We confirmed time-dependent uptake and retention profiles of both probes in neurons of GAD67-green fluorescent protein knock-in mice. MRI signal of SPION-labeled fosB probe delivered via intracerebroventricular route was elevated in both acutely and chronically AMPH-exposed mice; the signal was suppressed by dopaminergic receptor antagonist pretreatment. SPION-labeled Delta fosB probe signal elevation occurred only in chronically AMPH-exposed mice. The in vivo target specificity of these probes permits reliable MRI visualization of AMPH-induced differential elevations of fosB and Delta fosB mRNA in living brains.

PMID:
19710318
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2746375
Free PMC Article

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