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Violence Against Women. 2009 Oct;15(10):1213-26. doi: 10.1177/1077801209345141. Epub 2009 Aug 26.

Psychometric properties of a new scale to assess family violence in older African American women: The Family Violence Against Older Women (FVOW) Scale.

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  • 1Temple University School of Medicine, Philadephia, PA 19140, USA.


Absence of a conceptually grounded, comprehensive measure for family violence in older women has hindered attempts to define the extent of the problem and its effects on older women's health. This article reports the development and psychometrics of the Family Violence in Older African American Women Scale, a comprehensive scale to measure family violence in older women. The scale demonstrates two distinct factors: (a) "Abuse" and (b) "Caregiving Failure," which measure abusive behaviors in the context of a family relationship and caring for older women, respectively. Implications for the use of this scale in research and practice settings are discussed.

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