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Pediatr Res. 2009 Dec;66(6):631-5. doi: 10.1203/PDR.0b013e3181bd5a31.

Serotonin-related FEV gene variant in the sudden infant death syndrome is a common polymorphism in the African-American population.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Enders Building Room 1111, Children's Hospital Boston, 300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA. kevin.broadbelt@childrens.harvard.edu

Abstract

An important subset of the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is associated with multiple serotonergic (5-HT) abnormalities in regions of the medulla oblongata. The mouse ortholog of the fifth Ewing variant gene (FEV) is critical for 5-HT neuronal development. A putatively rare intronic variant [IVS2-191_190insA, here referred to as c.128-(191_192)dupA] has been reported as a SIDS-associated mutation in an African-American population. We tested this association in an independent dataset: 137 autopsied cases (78 SIDS, 59 controls) and an additional 296 control DNA samples from Coriell Cell Repositories. In addition to the c.128-(191_192)dupA variant, we observed an associated single-base deletion [c.128-(301-306)delG] in a subset of the samples. Neither of the two FEV variants showed significant association with SIDS in either the African-American subgroup or the overall cohort. Although we found a significant association of c.128-(191_192)dupA with SIDS when San Diego Hispanic SIDS cases were compared with San Diego Hispanic controls plus Mexican controls (p = 0.04), this became nonsignificant after multiple testing correction. Among Coriell controls, 33 of 99 (33%) African-American and 0 of 197 (0%) of the remaining controls carry the polymorphism (c.128-(191_192)dupA). The polymorphism seems to be a common, likely nonpathogenic, variant in the African-American population.

PMID:
19707175
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2802663
Free PMC Article
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