Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
Adm Policy Ment Health. 2010 Jul;37(4):302-17. doi: 10.1007/s10488-009-0236-9. Epub 2009 Aug 25.

Outcomes of police contacts with persons with mental illness: the impact of CIT.

Author information

  • 1Jane Addams College of Social Work, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1040 W Harrison Street, Chicago, IL 60607, USA. acwatson@gmail.com

Abstract

The Crisis intervention team model (CIT) is possibly the most well known and widely adopted model to improve police response to persons with mental illness. A primary goal of CIT programs is to divert individuals with mental illness from the criminal justice system to mental health services. In this paper we examine the effectiveness of fielding CIT trained and supported officers for influencing call outcomes using data from patrol officers (n = 112) in four Chicago Police districts. Results from regression analysis indicate that CIT certified officers directed a greater proportion of persons with mental illness to mental health services than their Non-CIT certified peers. CIT did not have an immediate effect on arrest. Moderator analysis indicates that CIT had its biggest effect on increasing direction to services and decreasing "contact only" among officers who have a positive view of mental health services and who know a person with mental illness in their personal life. Additional moderators of the CIT effect on call outcomes include level of resistance and the presence of a weapon. Findings from this study have important implications for policy, practice and future research.

PMID:
19705277
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Springer
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk