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Asian J Androl. 2009 Sep;11(5):617-22. doi: 10.1038/aja.2009.37. Epub 2009 Aug 24.

Supernumerary marker chromosome 15 in a male with azoospermia and open bite deformity.

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  • 1Department of Medical Genetics, Gazi University, Ankara 06500, Turkey.


Supernumerary marker chromosome 15 (sSMC[15]) is the most frequent marker chromosome, and it is generally regarded as unimportant if it does not contain the Prader-Willi/Angelman syndrome critical region (PWACR). The clinical importance of the larger markers in association with the critical region is mentioned in almost all reports related to marker chromosome 15, and smaller markers are solely associated with minor dysmorphic features, azoospermia and recurrent miscarriages. However, these small sSMC(15)s without the PWACR may also determine a specific phenotype. A dysmorphic examination of an azoospermic patient in a genetics clinic was performed and was followed by a peripheral blood lymphocyte chromosomal analysis according to standard cytogenetic methods. Nucleolar region (NOR) banding, C-banding, fluorescence in situ hybridization and a molecular investigation of Y-microdeletions were also performed. The clinical evaluation identified dysmorphic features accompanied with azoospermia and severe 'Angle Class II, Division 1 Open Bite Deformity'. The molecular cytogenetic study revealed the small sSMC(15). In addition, a Y-microdeletion analysis showed that the azoospermia was not the result of a deletion. Although the presented case might represent a coincidental example of supernumerary marker 15 and mandibular anomaly association, the condition may also define a specific phenotype that may be more than azoospermia. This condition may be characterized by infertility, malar hypoplasia, mandibular anomaly, keloid formation and minor dysmorphic features.

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