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Toxicol Mech Methods. 2008 Jul;18(6):455-462. Epub 2008 Jun 23.

The Influence of L-Carnitine on Oxidative Modification of LDL In Vitro.

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  • 1Department of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, Medical University of Bialystok, Mickiewicza 2a, Box 1415-230, Bialystok, Poland.

Abstract

Owing to their structure and function, low-density lipoproteins (LDLs) are particularly susceptible to the oxidative modifications. To prevent against oxidative modification of LDL, L-carnitine, with endogenous small water-soluble quaternary amine possessing antioxidative properties, was used. The aim of this paper was to prove the in vitro influence of L-carnitine on the degree of oxidative modification of the lipid part (estimated by conjugated dienes, lipid hydroperoxides, and malondialdehyde levels) and the protein part (estimated by dityrosine and tryptophan levels) of LDL native and oxidized by cooper ions. The level of lipophylic LDL antioxidant-alpha-tocopherol was also measured.Oxidation of LDL by Cu(2+) enhanced lipid peroxidation. That was manifested by a statistically significant increase in the content of malondialdehyde (threefold), conjugated dienes (up to about 30%), and lipid hydroperoxides (up to about 50%). Cu(2+) ions were also the cause of oxidative modifications of the protein part of LDLs. It was manifested by a significant increase in dityrosine (by about 50%), whereas the level of tryptophan was significantly decreased threefold in relation to native LDL. Incubation of LDL with Cu(2+) ions also caused a significant sixfold decrease of alpha-tocopherol content in oxidized LDL. However, L-carnitine caused a decrease in the level of conjugated dienes, lipid hydroperoxide, malondialdehyde, and dityrosine by about 20% to 30%, and a significant increase (by about 50%) in the content of tryptophan in comparison with oxidative LDL and in a smaller degree significant changes with native LDL. Additionally, L-carnitine caused a significant twofold increase in alpha-tocopherol content in oxidized LDL.The above results indicate that L-carnitine protects the lipid as well as protein part of LDL particles against oxidative modifications, and this natural antioxidant might be used to prevent against diseases of oxidative origin.

PMID:
19696940
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC2728756
Free PMC Article

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