Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Histopathology. 2009 Aug;55(2):197-205. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2559.2009.03343.x.

Chromosomal abnormalities determined by comparative genomic hybridization are helpful in the diagnosis of atypical hepatocellular neoplasms.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pathology, University of California, San Francisco, 4150 Clement Street, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA.



To explore the utility of cytogenetic abnormalities in the distinction of hepatic adenoma (HA) and well-differentiated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).


Array-based comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) was used to determine chromosomal abnormalities in 39 hepatocellular neoplasms: 12 HA, 15 atypical hepatocellular neoplasms (AHN) and 12 well-differentiated HCC. The designation of AHN was used in two situations: (i) adenoma-like neoplasms (n = 8) in male patients (any age) and women >50 years and <15 years old; (ii) adenoma-like neoplasms with focal atypical features (n = 7). CGH abnormalities were seen in none of the HAs (0/12), eight (53%) AHNs and 11 (92%) HCCs. The number and nature of abnormalities in AHN was similar to HCC with gains in 1q, 8q and 7q being the most common. Although follow-up information was limited, recurrence and/or metastasis were observed in three AHNs (two with abnormal, one with normal CGH).


Adenoma-like neoplasms with focal atypical morphological features or unusual clinical settings such as male gender or women outside the 15-50 year age group can show chromosomal abnormalities similar to well-differentiated HCC. Even though these tumours morphologically mimic adenoma, they can recur and metastasize. Determination of chromosomal abnormalities can be useful in the diagnosis of AHN.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk