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Genomics. 1990 Jan;6(1):149-58.

Human arylsulfatase B: MOPAC cloning, nucleotide sequence of a full-length cDNA, and regions of amino acid identity with arylsulfatases A and C.

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  • 1Division of Medical and Molecular Genetics, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York 10029.


cDNAs encoding the human lysosomal hydrolase, arylsulfatase B (ASB; N-acetylgalactosamine-4-sulfatase, EC, were isolated from a hepatoma cell cDNA library using an ASB-specific oligonucleotide generated by the MOPAC (mixed oligonucleotide primed amplification of cDNA) technique. To facilitate cDNA cloning, human ASB was purified to apparent homogeneity and a total of 112 amino acid residues were microsequenced from the N-terminus and four internal tryptic peptides of the 47-kDa subunit. Based on the ASB N-terminal amino acid sequence, two oligonucleotide mixtures containing inosines to reduce the mixture complexity were constructed and used as primers to amplify an ASB-specific product from human placental cDNA by the polymerase chain reaction. DNA sequencing of this MOPAC product demonstrated colinearity with 21 N-terminal ASB amino acids. Based on this sequence and on codon usage for the adjacent conserved amino acids in human arylsulfatases A and C, a unique 66-mer was synthesized and used to screen a human hepatoma cell cDNA library. Four putative positive cDNA clones were isolated, and the largest insert (pASB-1) was sequenced in both orientations. The 1834-bp pASB-1 insert had a 1278-bp open reading frame encoding 425 amino acids that was colinear with 85 microsequenced amino acids of the purified enzyme, demonstrating its authenticity. Using the pASB-1 cDNA as a probe, a full-length cDNA clone, pASB-4, was isolated from a human testes library and sequenced in both orientations. pASB-4 had a 2811-bp insert containing a 559-bp 5' untranslated sequence, a 1602-bp open reading frame encoding 533 amino acids (six potential N-glycosylation sites), a 641-bp 3' untranslated sequence, and a 9-bp poly(A) tract. Comparison of the predicted amino acid sequences of arylsulfatases A, B, and C revealed regions of identity, particularly in their N-termini.

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