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J Glaucoma. 2009 Aug;18(6):423-8. doi: 10.1097/IJG.0b013e31818d3899.

Lifestyle, nutrition, and glaucoma.

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  • 1*Department of Ophthalmology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, MA 02114, USA.


The only proven strategy to prevent primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) is the use of ocular hypotensive therapy among people diagnosed with ocular hypertension. In this review, various modifiable lifestyle factors, such as exercise, diet, and cigarette smoking, that may influence intraocular pressure and that have been studied in relation to the risk of developing POAG are discussed. Epidemiologic studies on lifestyle factors are few, and the current evidence suggests that there are no environmental factors that are clearly associated with POAG; however, a few factors merit further study. This review also outlines future directions for research into the primary prevention of POAG.

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