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J Altern Complement Med. 2009 Aug;15(8):929-34. doi: 10.1089/acm.2008.0152.

The diuretic effect in human subjects of an extract of Taraxacum officinale folium over a single day.

Author information

  • 1Department of Herbal Medicine, Tai Sophia Institute, Laurel, MD 20723, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Taraxacum officinale (L.) Weber (Asteraceae) has been extensively employed as a diuretic in traditional folk medicine and in modern phytotherapy in Europe, Asia, and the Americas without prior clinical trial substantiation.

OBJECTIVES:

In this pilot study, a high-quality fresh leaf hydroethanolic extract of the medicinal plant T. officinale (dandelion) was ingested by volunteers to investigate whether an increased urinary frequency and volume would result.

DESIGN:

Volume of urinary output and fluid intake were recorded by subjects. Baseline values for urinary frequency and excretion ratio (urination volume:fluid intake) were established 2 days prior to dandelion dosing (8 mL TID) and monitored throughout a 1-day dosing period and 24 hours postdosing.

RESULTS:

For the entire population (n = 17) there was a significant (p < 0.05) increase in the frequency of urination in the 5-hour period after the first dose. There was also a significant (p < 0.001) increase in the excretion ratio in the 5-hour period after the second dose of extract. The third dose failed to change any of the measured parameters.

CONCLUSIONS:

Based on these first human data, T. officinale ethanolic extract shows promise as a diuretic in humans. Further studies are needed to establish the value of this herb for induction of diuresis in human subjects.

PMID:
19678785
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3155102
Free PMC Article

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