Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Lancet. 1990 Jan 20;335(8682):149-53.

Randomisation and baseline comparisons in clinical trials.

Author information

  • 1Medical Statistics Laboratory, Imperial Cancer Research Fund, London, UK.


80 reports of randomised clinical trials in four leading general medical journals were reviewed. The reporting of the methodology of randomisation was inadequate. In 30% of trials there was no clear evidence that the groups had been randomised. Among trials that used simple randomisation the sample sizes in the two groups were too often similar, and there was an unexpected small bias in favour of there being fewer patients in the experimental group. The handling of comparisons of baseline characteristics was inadequate in 41% of the trials. Suggestions are made for improving standards.

Comment in

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk