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J Biol Chem. 1990 Jan 25;265(3):1502-9.

Identification of an isozymic form of acetyl-CoA carboxylase.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, New Hampshire 03756.

Abstract

Acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) is a major rate-limiting enzyme of fatty acid biosynthesis; its product, malonyl-CoA, also contributes to the regulation of fatty acid oxidation and elongation. Using monospecific antibodies directed against rat liver ACC and N- and C-terminal antipeptide antibodies raised against predicted sequences of the cloned ACC of Mr 265,000, we have identified a unique biotin-containing cytosolic protein of molecular mass 280,000 daltons that is distinct from this 265,000-dalton protein. This protein is uniquely expressed in rat cardiac and skeletal muscle but is co-expressed with the 265,000-dalton protein in rat liver, mammary gland, and brown adipose tissue. In the fed rat, white adipose tissue contains only the 265,000-dalton protein. Like the 265,000-dalton protein, the 280,000-dalton protein is present predominantly in the cytosolic fraction of liver. In the liver, the content of both proteins is diminished on fasting and increases on fasting/refeeding with a high carbohydrate diet. In contrast, the cardiac and skeletal muscle 280,000-dalton protein content is unaltered by nutritional manipulation. Avidin-Sepharose isolates of citrate-dependent ACC from the heart reveal only the 280,000-dalton protein, while white adipose tissue isolates show only the 265,000 form. These species differ in the sensitivity to citrate activation and in the Km for acetyl-CoA. Antibodies reactive with the 280,000-dalton protein on immunoblotting precipitate ACC activity in heart isolates, while white adipose ACC is precipitated only by antibodies specific for the 265,000-dalton species. However, in ACC isolates where both proteins are present, a heteroisozyme complex can be detected both by immunoprecipitation and by a sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. We conclude that the 280,000-dalton protein is an isozyme of ACC, distinct from the previously cloned 265,000-dalton species. Its presence in cardiac and skeletal muscle, where fatty acid synthesis rates are low, suggest that it might play alternative roles in these tissues such as regulation of fatty acid oxidation or microsomal fatty acid elongation.

PMID:
1967254
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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