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Clin Oral Implants Res. 2009 Sep;20 Suppl 4:216-27. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0501.2009.01786.x.

Re-osseointegration on previously contaminated surfaces: a systematic review.

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  • 1Department of Health Sciences, Kristianstad University, Sweden.



The aim of this review was to search the literature for the existing evidence of re-osseointegration after treatment of peri-implantitis at contaminated implant surfaces.


A search of PubMed as well as additional hand search of articles were conducted. Publications and articles accepted for publication up to November 2008 were included.


A total of 25 animal studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria for this review. Access surgery with closed healing has been observed to positively influence the rate of re-osseointegration when compared with non-surgical decontamination of the implant surface with open healing. Open debridement including surface decontamination may result in re-osseointegration and this integration was more pronounced on rougher than on smooth implant surfaces. The adjunctive use of regenerative procedures resulted in varying amounts of re-osseointegration.


Re-osseointegration is possible to obtain on a previously contaminated implant surface and can occur in experimentally induced peri-implantitis defects following therapy. The amount of re-osseointegration, varied considerably within and between studies. Implant surface characteristics may influence the degree of re-osseointegration. Surface decontamination alone can not achieve substantial re-osseointegration on a previously contaminated implant surface. No method predictably accomplished complete resolution of the peri-implant defect.

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