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Phys Rev Lett. 2009 Jul 10;103(2):026403. Epub 2009 Jul 10.

Workhorse semilocal density functional for condensed matter physics and quantum chemistry.

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  • 1Department of Physics and Quantum Theory Group, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana 70118, USA.

Erratum in

  • Phys Rev Lett. 2011 Apr 29;106(17):179902.


Semilocal density functionals for the exchange-correlation energy are needed for large electronic systems. The Tao-Perdew-Staroverov-Scuseria (TPSS) meta-generalized gradient approximation (meta-GGA) is semilocal and usefully accurate, but predicts too-long lattice constants. Recent "GGA's for solids" yield good lattice constants but poor atomization energies of molecules. We show that the construction principle for one of them (restoring the density gradient expansion for exchange over a wide range of densities) can be used to construct a "revised TPSS" meta-GGA with accurate lattice constants, surface energies, and atomization energies for ordinary matter.

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