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Neurocase. 2009 Oct;15(5):357-60. doi: 10.1080/13554790903081767. Epub 2009 Aug 3.

Size reduction using Mirror Visual Feedback (MVF) reduces phantom pain.

Author information

  • 1Center for Brain and Cognition, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093-0109, USA. vramacha@ucsd.edu


Following limb amputation patients continue to feel the vivid presence of a phantom limb. A majority of patients also experience pain in the phantom and sometimes (as in our case DS) the pain is severe. Remarkably we find that optically 'resurrecting' the phantom with a mirror and using a lens to make the phantom appear to shrink caused the pain to 'shrink' as well.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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