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J Invest Dermatol. 2010 Jan;130(1):184-91. doi: 10.1038/jid.2009.242.

Contrasting roles of the IL-1 and IL-18 receptors in MyD88-dependent contact hypersensitivity.

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  • 1Division of Dermatology, Department of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, USA.

Abstract

Contact hypersensitivity (CHS) requires activation of the innate immune system, and results in an adaptive immune response. Many cells of the innate immune system use Toll-like receptors (TLRs), which signal through the adaptor protein, MyD88, to initiate an immune response. MyD88 is also required for signaling downstream of the IL-1 and Il-18 receptors (IL-1R and IL-18R, respectively). Herein, we studied the MyD88 signaling pathway in the CHS response to DNFB. Mice deficient in MyD88 were unable to mount a CHS response to DNFB. In contrast, mice deficient in Toll/IL-1R-containing adaptor-inducing IFN-beta, TLR2, TLR4, TLR6, and TLR9 had no defect in their ability to respond to DNFB. Although both IL-1R and IL-18R-deficient mice showed a reduced CHS response to DNFB, in bone marrow chimera and adoptive transfer experiments, we found that MyD88 and the IL-18R were required in a radioresistant cell in the sensitization phase of the CHS response. In contrast, similar strategies revealed that the IL-1R was required in a radiosensitive cell in the sensitization phase of the CHS response. Taken together, these data indicate that the IL-1R and IL-18R/MyD88 pathways are required in distinctly different cells during the sensitization phase of CHS.

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