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Eur Neuropsychopharmacol. 2009 Dec;19(12):861-7. doi: 10.1016/j.euroneuro.2009.07.005. Epub 2009 Aug 4.

Effects of quetiapine on phencyclidine-induced cognitive deficits in mice: a possible role of alpha1-adrenoceptors.

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  • 1Division of Clinical Neuroscience, Chiba University Center for Forensic Mental Health, 1-8-1 Inohana, Chiba 260-8670, Japan.

Abstract

Accumulating evidence suggests that alpha(1)-adrenoceptors may be involved in the mechanisms of action of some antipsychotic drugs. The present study was undertaken to examine the effects of quetiapine, an atypical antipsychotic drug with alpha(1)-adrenoceptor antagonism, on cognitive deficits in mice after repeated administration of the NMDA receptor antagonist phencyclidine (PCP). Subsequent subchronic (14 days) administration of quetiapine (1.0, 10, or 30 mg/kg, p.o.) attenuated PCP (10 mg/kg/day for 10 days)-induced cognitive deficits in mice, in a dose dependent manner. Furthermore, PCP (10 mg/kg)-induced cognitive deficits were also significantly ameliorated by subsequent subchronic (14 days) administration of the selective alpha(1)-adrenoceptor antagonist prazosin (1.0 mg/kg/day, p.o.). Moreover, Western blot analysis revealed that levels of two subtypes (alpha(1A) and alpha(1B)) of alpha(1)-adrenoceptors were significantly lower in the brains of PCP-treated mice than in those of saline-treated mice. These findings suggest that repeated PCP administration could decrease the density of alpha(1)-adrenoceptors in mouse brain, and that subsequent subchronic administration of quetiapine might ameliorate PCP-induced cognitive deficits via alpha(1)-adrenoceptors. Therefore, it is likely that antagonism at alpha(1)-adrenoceptors is involved in the mechanism underlying quetiapine's psychopharmacological action.

PMID:
19656663
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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