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Nat Med. 2009 Aug;15(8):871-2. doi: 10.1038/nm.2016. Epub 2009 Aug 2.

A new human immunodeficiency virus derived from gorillas.

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  • 1Laboratoire Associé au Centre National de Référence du Virus de l'Immunodéficience Humaine, Equipe d'Accueil EA2656, Faculté de Médecine-Pharmacie, Université de Rouen, France.


We have identified a new human immunodeficiency virus in a Cameroonian woman. It is closely related to gorilla simian immunodeficiency virus (SIVgor) and shows no evidence of recombination with other HIV-1 lineages. This new virus seems to be the prototype of a new HIV-1 lineage that is distinct from HIV-1 groups M, N and O. We propose to designate it HIV-1 group P.

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