Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2010 Apr;38(3):222-30. doi: 10.1016/j.jcms.2009.07.004. Epub 2009 Aug 3.

Clinical, histological and histomorphometric evaluation of the healing of mandibular ramus bone block grafts for alveolar ridge augmentation before implant placement.

Author information

  • 1Department of Maxillo-Facial Surgery, Faculty of Medicine-University of Florence, Italy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Localized bone defects in the maxilla are commonly reconstructed with autologous mono-cortical bone blocks prior to the placement of dental implants. This study presents a clinical, histological and histomorphometric analysis on the use of mandibular ramus block grafts for ridge augmentation.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

mono-cortical bone blocks from the mandibular ramus were grafted in 15 patients. The bone grafts were left to heal for period varying from 3 to 9 months. Afterwards, 30 implants were inserted and bone samples were removed for subsequent histological analysis.

RESULTS:

All the bone grafts were successful and resorption was minimal. There were no implant failures. At graft placement, mean lateral augmentation was 4.6+/-0.73mm, which, later, at the time of implant insertion, reduced to 4+/-0.77mm. Histological evaluation indicated signs of active remodelling in all specimens. However, the grafted bone contained substantial amounts of non-vital bone (NVB) and generally weak neo-vascularization regardless of the time of biopsies.

CONCLUSIONS:

The outcome of the study suggests that the larger part of osteocytes in mono-cortical bone do not survive grafting and neo-vascularization of non-vital grafted bone is difficult because of the slow remodelling process into new vital.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk