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Clin Neurophysiol. 2009 Sep;120(9):1667-82. doi: 10.1016/j.clinph.2009.06.020. Epub 2009 Jul 30.

Spatio-temporal EEG waves in first episode schizophrenia.

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  • 1Laboratory for Perceptual Dynamics, RIKEN Brain Science Institute, Japan.



Schizophrenia is characterized by a deficit in context processing, with physiological correlates of hypofrontality and reduced amplitude P3b event-related potentials. We hypothesized an additional physiological correlate: differences in the spatio-temporal dynamics of cortical activity along the anterior-posterior axis of the scalp.


This study assessed latency topographies of spatio-temporal waves under task conditions that elicit the P3b. EEG was recorded during separate auditory and visual tasks. Event-related spatio-temporal waves were quantified from scalp EEG of subjects with first episode schizophrenia (FES) and matched controls.


The P3b-related task conditions elicited a peak in spatio-temporal waves in the delta band at a similar latency to the P3b event-related potential. Subjects with FES had fewer episodes of anterior to posterior waves in the 2-4 Hz band compared to controls. Within the FES group, a tendency for fewer episodes of anterior to posterior waves was associated with high Psychomotor Poverty symptom factor scores.


Subjects with FES had altered global EEG dynamics along the anterior-posterior axis during task conditions involving context update.


The directional nature of this finding and its association with Psychomotor Poverty suggest this result is related to findings of hypofrontality in schizophrenia.

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