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Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2009 Sep;30(9):900-3. doi: 10.1086/605472.

Hepatitis C virus transmission in hemodialysis units: importance of infection control practices and aseptic technique.

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  • 1National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA.


We investigated 4 hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection outbreaks at hemodialysis units to identify practices associated with transmission. Apparent failures to follow recommended infection control precautions resulted in patient-to-patient HCV transmission, through cross-contamination of the environment or intravenous medication vials. Fastidious attention to aseptic technique and infection control precautions are essential to prevent HCV transmission.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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