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J Endocrinol Invest. 2010 Feb;33(2):88-91. doi: 10.3275/6472. Epub 2009 Jul 28.

P-wave dispersion in endogenous and exogenous subclinical hyperthyroidism.

Author information

  • 1Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, School of Medicine, Mersin University, Mersin, Turkey. ramazangen@gmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The aim of this study was to measure maximum P wave duration (Pmax) and P wave dispersion (PWD), which can be indicators for the risk of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation when increased, and to reveal their relationship with thyroid hormone levels in patients with endogenous and exogenous subclinical hyperthyroidism.

METHODS:

Seventy-one patients with sublinical thyrotoxicosis (34 endogenous, 37 exogenous) and 69 healthy individuals were enrolled in the study. Pmax and minimum P wave duration (Pmin) on electrocardiogram recordings were measured and PWD was calculated as Pmax-Pmin.

RESULTS:

Pmax (p<0.001) and PWD (p<0.001) values were significantly higher in patients with endogenous subclinical hyperthyroidism compared with the control group. Pmax (p<0.001) and PWD (p<0.001) values were significantly higher in patients with exogenous subclinical thyrotoxicosis compared with the control group. Pmax (p=0.710) and PWD (p=0.127) were not significantly different in patients with endogenous subclinical hyperthyroidism compared with exogenous subclinical hyperthyroid patients. Pmax and PWD negatively associated with TSH in endogenous and exogenous subclinical hyperthyroidism.

CONCLUSION:

In the present study, we observed that Pmax and PWD were longer in patients with endogenous and exogenous subclinical hyperthyroidism. Lack of a difference in Pmax and PWD between patients with endogenous and exogenous subclinical hyperthyroidism seems to support the idea that hormone levels rather than the etiology of thyrotoxicosis affect the heart.

PMID:
19636214
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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