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Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2009 Aug;28(8):738-40. doi: 10.1097/INF.0b013e318199f2a1.

Community effect of Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccination in India.

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  • 1Department of Child Health, Christian Medical College, Vellore, India.


We assessed the effect of distribution of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccine in the private health care sector on Hib meningitis admissions at a referral hospital in India. The annual mean number of Hib cases was 10.7 before Hib vaccine introduction, falling to 3.8 cases following introduction (P < 0.0001). By contrast, the mean of annual numbers of pneumococcal cases were 3.0 and 4.6, (P = 0.55). Even at relatively low coverage through private sector distribution, Hib vaccine has significant community impact on Hib disease.

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