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DNA Cell Biol. 2009 Nov;28(11):579-88. doi: 10.1089/dna.2009.0926.

Expression and polymorphisms of gene 8-oxoguanine glycosylase 1 and the level of oxidative DNA damage in peripheral blood lymphocytes of patients with Alzheimer's disease.

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  • 1Laboratory of Neurobiology, Department of Neurology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland.


The purpose of this study was to determine the level of 8-oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxo2dG) and expression of three isoforms of 8-oxoguanine glycosylase 1 (OGG1), OGG1-1a, 1b, and 1c, and OGG1 protein and Ser326Cys and Arg46Gln polymorphisms of the OGG1 gene, in peripheral blood lymphocytes of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and healthy controls. The study was performed in 41 AD patients and 51 healthy subjects. The level of 8-oxo2dG was determined by high performance liquid chromatography/electrochemical; expression of OGG1-1a, 1b, and 1c by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction; and OGG1 protein by Western blotting. The polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis was conducted to analyze the Ser326Cys and Arg46Gln polymorphisms. It was found that AD patients and controls have three isoforms, OGG1-1a, 1b, and 1c. The OGG1-1c isoform seems to be associated with early stage of AD, while an increase in the expression of the OGG1-1b isoform and levels of OGG1 protein appears to be similarly related to the progression of AD. All of the studied OGG1 isoforms show a decreased expression in advanced AD. The CG Ser326Cys genotype seems to have a tendency to decrease 8-oxo2dG via control of repair mechanisms. The Arg46Gln polymorphism is not associated with the pathogenesis of AD. It appears that the OGG1-1a, 1b, and 1c isoforms are involved in the pathogenesis of AD.

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