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Surgery. 2009 Aug;146(2):334-9. doi: 10.1016/j.surg.2009.02.020.

Heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor is essential for preservation of gut barrier function after hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation in mice.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pediatric Surgery, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH 43205, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The aim of the current study was to determine the role of heparin-binding (HB) epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like growth factor as a mediator of gut barrier function after hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation (HS/R) in mice.

METHODS:

HS/R was induced in HB-EGF knockout (KO) and wild-type (WT) mice. Intestinal histologic injury scores, intestinal epithelial cell apoptosis, and gut barrier function were determined. Statistical analyses were performed using linear mixed models with P<.05 considered significant.

RESULTS:

All mice subjected to HS/R had significantly increased intestinal histologic injury scores, apoptosis indices, and intestinal permeability compared with mice subjected to sham operation. Compared with WT mice, HB-EGF KO mice subjected to HS/R had significantly increased histologic injury (mean injury grade, 4.5 +/- 1 vs 2.75 +/- 0.5 at 3 hours of resuscitation; P<.05), increased apoptosis indices (mean apoptosis index, 6.84 +/- 1.95 vs 3.24 +/- 1.00 at 3 hours of resuscitation; P < .05), and increased mucosal permeability (FD4 clearance 78 +/- 18.91 vs 47.75 +/- 8.06 nL/min/cm(2) at 3 hours of resuscitation; P<.05).

CONCLUSION:

HB-EGF is essential for the preservation of gut barrier function after HS/R. These findings support the clinical use of HB-EGF in protection of the intestines from disease states associated with intestinal hypoperfusion injury.

PMID:
19628093
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2754163
Free PMC Article

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