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Neuropharmacology. 2009 Oct-Nov;57(5-6):531-8. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropharm.2009.07.022. Epub 2009 Jul 21.

Dose-dependent effect of CDPPB, the mGluR5 positive allosteric modulator, on recognition memory is associated with GluR1 and CREB phosphorylation in the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus.

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  • 1Department of Schizophrenia Research, Merck & Co., Inc., West Point, PA 19486, USA. jason_uslaner@merck.com

Abstract

In the search for strategies to treat schizophrenia, attention has focused on enhancing NMDA receptor function. In vitro experiments show that metabotropic glutamate 5 receptor (mGluR5) activation enhances NMDA receptor activity, and in vivo experiments indicate that mGluR5 positive allosteric modulators (PAMs) are effective in preclinical assays measuring antipsychotic potential and cognition. Here we characterized the dose-effect function of CDPPB (3-cyano-N-(1,3-diphenyl-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)benzamide), an mGluR5 PAM, on novel object recognition memory in unimpaired Wistar Hannover rats (0, 10 or 30 mg/kg CDPPB) and animals with an MK-801-induced deficit (0, 3, 10, or 30 mg/kg CDPPB). In each experiment compound was given 30 min prior to the first exposure in order to affect acquisition/consolidation of the memory. In both cases, an inverted-U-shaped dose-effect function was observed, with lower doses improving recognition but higher doses having no effect. We then examined the effects of CDPPB (0, 3, 10, or 30 mg/kg) on markers of synaptic plasticity in prefrontal cortex and hippocampus, focusing on the expression and phosphorylation status of proteins involved in NMDA related signaling, including the NMDA receptor subunits NR1 and NR2B, the AMPA receptor subunit GluR1, alphaCa((2+))/CaM dependent Ser-Thr kinases II (alphaCaMKII), and the transcription factor CREB. Expression and phosphorylation of many of these proteins, particularly in the prefrontal cortex, were also characterized by an inverted-U-shaped dose-effect function. Taken together, these findings show that mGluR5 activation enhances NMDA receptor function and markers of neuronal plasticity commensurate with improvements in recognition memory. However, the effects of CDPPB are heavily dependent on dose, with higher doses being ineffective in improving recognition memory and producing downstream effects consistent with heightened NMDA receptor activation. These findings may have important implications for the development of mGluR5 PAMs to treat schizophrenia.

PMID:
19627999
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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