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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009 Aug 4;106(31):13094-9. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0901488106. Epub 2009 Jul 21.

Duodenal acidity "sensing" but not epithelial HCO3- supply is critically dependent on carbonic anhydrase II expression.

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  • 1Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Endocrinology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover 30625, Germany.


Carbonic anhydrase (CA) is strongly expressed in the duodenum and has been implicated in a variety of physiological functions including enterocyte HCO(3)(-) supply for secretion and the "sensing" of luminal acid and CO(2). Here, we report the physiological role of the intracellular CAII isoform involvement in acid-, PGE(2,) and forskolin-induced murine duodenal bicarbonate secretion (DBS) in vivo. CAII-deficient and WT littermates were studied in vivo during isoflurane anesthesia. An approximate 10-mm segment of the proximal duodenum with intact blood supply was perfused under different experimental conditions and DBS was titrated by pH immediately. Two-photon confocal microscopy using the pH-sensitive dye SNARF-1F was used to assess duodenocyte pH(i) in vivo. After correction of systemic acidosis by infusion of isotonic Na(2)CO(3), basal DBS was not significantly different in CAII-deficient mice and WT littermates. The duodenal bicarbonate secretory response to acid was almost abolished in CAII-deficient mice, but normal to forskolin- or 16,16-dimethyl PGE(2) stimulation. The complete inhibition of tissue CAs by luminal methazolamide and i.v. acetazolamide completely blocked the response to acid, but did not significantly alter the response to forskolin. While duodenocytes acidified upon luminal perfusion with acid, no significant pH(i) change occurred in CAII-deficient duodenum in vivo. The results suggest that CA II is important for duodenocyte acidification by low luminal pH and for eliciting the acid-mediated HCO(3)(-) secretory response, but is not important in the generation of the secreted HCO(3)(-) ions.

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