Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009 Aug 4;106(31):12938-43. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0901451106. Epub 2009 Jul 21.

Identification of genes conferring resistance to 5-fluorouracil.

Author information

  • 1Department of Human and Molecular Genetics, Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine, Richmond, VA 23298, USA.


Astrocyte elevated gene-1 (AEG-1) is overexpressed in >90% of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients and plays a significant role in mediating aggressive progression of HCC. AEG-1 is known to augment invasion, metastasis, and angiogenesis, and we now demonstrate that AEG-1 directly contributes to another important hallmark of aggressive cancers, that is, resistance to chemotherapeutic drugs, such as 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). AEG-1 augments expression of the transcription factor LSF that regulates the expression of thymidylate synthase (TS), a target of 5-FU. In addition, AEG-1 enhances the expression of dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPYD) that catalyzes the initial and rate-limiting step in the catabolism of 5-FU. siRNA-mediated inhibition of AEG-1, LSF, or DPYD significantly increased the sensitivity of HCC cells to 5-FU in vitro and a lentivirus delivering AEG-1 siRNA in combination with 5-FU markedly inhibited growth of HCC cells xenotransplanted in athymic nude mice when compared to either agent alone. The present studies highlight 2 previously unidentified genes, AEG-1 and LSF, contributing to chemoresistance. Inhibition of AEG-1 might be exploited as a therapeutic strategy along with 5-FU-based combinatorial chemotherapy for HCC, a highly fatal cancer with currently very limited therapeutic options.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk