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J Pediatr. 2009 Nov;155(5):623-8.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2009.05.005. Epub 2009 Jul 19.

Bronchiectasis in infants and preschool children diagnosed with cystic fibrosis after newborn screening.

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  • 1Department of Respiratory Medicine, Princess Margaret Hospital for Children, School of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Western Australia, Melbourne, Australia. stephen.stick@health.wa.gov.au



To determine the prevalence of bronchiectasis in young children with cystic fibrosis (CF) diagnosed after newborn screening (NBS) and the relationship of bronchiectasis to pulmonary inflammation and infection.


Children were diagnosed with CF after NBS. Computed tomography and bronchoalveolar lavage were performed with anesthesia (n = 96). Scans were analyzed for the presence and extent of abnormalities.


The prevalence of bronchiectasis was 22% and increased with age (P = .001). Factors associated with bronchiectasis included absolute neutrophil count (P = .03), neutrophil elastase concentration (P = .001), and Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection (P = .03).


Pulmonary abnormalities are common in infants and young children with CF and relate to neutrophilic inflammation and infection with P. aeruginosa. Current models of care for infants with CF fail to prevent respiratory sequelae. Bronchiectasis is a clinically relevant endpoint that could be used for intervention trials that commence soon after CF is diagnosed after NBS.

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