Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Am Soc Nephrol. 2009 Oct;20(10):2147-53. doi: 10.1681/ASN.2008101105. Epub 2009 Jul 16.

Renal primary cilia lengthen after acute tubular necrosis.

Author information

  • 1Monash Immunology and Stem Cell Laboratories, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Abstract

Renal primary cilia are sensory antennas required for the maintenance of normal epithelial differentiation and proliferation in the kidney, but they also have a potential role in epithelial differentiation during renal injury and repair. In mice, tubular damage causes an increase in the length of renal cilia, which may modify their sensory sensitivity during repair. Here, we investigated whether the alteration of renal cilium length during renal injury is clinically relevant. Using biopsies of human renal transplants that suffered acute tubular necrosis during transplantation, we compared the length of renal primary cilia with renal function. Serial biopsies showed that acute tubular necrosis resulted in more than a doubling of cilium length throughout the nephron and collecting duct approximately 1 wk after injury. Allografts displayed a trend toward normalization of cilium length in later biopsies, and this correlated with functional recovery. A mouse model of renal ischemia-reperfusion confirmed the increase and subsequent regression of cilium length during renal repair, displaying complete normalization of cilium length within 6 wk of injury. These findings demonstrate that the length of renal cilia is a clinically relevant indicator of renal injury and repair.

PMID:
19608704
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2754102
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (5)Free text

Figure 1.
Figure 2.
Figure 3.
Figure 4.
Figure 5.
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk