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J Clin Oncol. 1991 Dec;9(12):2128-33.

Fluorouracil and high-dose leucovorin in previously untreated patients with advanced adenocarcinoma of the pancreas: results of a phase II trial.

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  • 1Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA 02115.


Forty-two previously untreated patients with advanced, measurable adenocarcinoma of the pancreas were treated with weekly fluorouracil (5-FU; 600 mg/m2 intravenous [IV]) and leucovorin 500 mg/m2 IV for 6 weeks followed by a 2-week rest. A median of 11 (range, one to 76) doses were given. There were three partial responses (three of 42 [7%]; exact 95% confidence interval, 1% to 19%) and no complete responses. Median survival was 6.2 months, with seven patients surviving longer than 12 months. The most common toxicity was diarrhea; there was one treatment-related death. Despite promising results in patients with advanced colorectal cancer, this dose schedule of 5-FU and leucovorin does not appear to be superior to 5-FU alone for the treatment of advanced pancreatic cancer. Alternative investigative approaches are needed.

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