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Plant Cell Rep. 2009 Sep;28(9):1431-7. doi: 10.1007/s00299-009-0743-x. Epub 2009 Jul 15.

Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of meadow fescue (Festuca pratensis Huds.).

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  • 1Research Division, DLF-Trifolium Ltd., Hoejerupvej 31, 4660, Store Heddinge, Denmark. cxg@dlf.dk


Meadow fescue (Festuca pratensis Huds.) is an important cool-season forage grass in Europe and Asia. We developed a protocol for producing meadow fescue transgenic plants mediated by Agrobacterium tumefaciens transformation. Embryogenic calli derived from mature embryos were transformed with A. tumefaciens strain AGL1 carrying the binary vector pDM805, coding for the phosphinothricin acetyltransferase (bar) and beta-glucuronidase (uidA) genes. Bialaphos was used as the selective agent throughout all phases of tissue culture. In total, 40 independent transgenic plants were recovered from 45 bialaphos-resistant callus lines and an average transformation efficiency of 2% was achieved. The time frame from infection of embryogenic calli with Agrobacterium to transferring the transgenic plants to the greenhouse was 18 weeks. In a study of 11 BASTA-resistant transgenic lines, the uidA gene was expressed in 82% of the transgenic lines. Southern blot analysis revealed that 82% of the tested lines integrated one or two copies of the uidA gene.

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