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Am J Health Promot. 2009 Jul-Aug;23(6):396-402. doi: 10.4278/ajhp.08021915.

The Animadora Project: identifying factors related to the promotion of physical activity among Mexican Americans with diabetes.

Author information

  • 1Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, 2495 North Martin, Campus PO Box 245209, Tucson, AZ 85724, USA. maiai@u.arizona.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

There is a dearth of information about factors related to physical activity among Mexican-Americans with diabetes. Self-efficacy and social support are associated with physical activity; however, little is known about their roles within different cultural groups.

DESIGN:

Focus groups were used to identify factors that motivated walking.

SETTING:

Two Mexican-American communities located in Tucson, Arizona.

SUBJECTS:

Individuals who attended diabetes education.

INTERVENTION:

A community-based provider organized walking groups with people who previously attended diabetes classes. Walkers participated in focus groups exploring themes related to their experiences.

MEASURES:

Self-efficacy, social support, and collective efficacy. Grounded theory was used to analyze focus group results using two rounds of analysis; the first identified references to self-efficacy and social support, and the second added collective efficacy as a theoretic basis for walking.

RESULTS:

Among 43 eligible participants, 20 participated in focus groups. Social support was expressed as commitment and companionship. Walkers demonstrated a high level of self-efficacy for walking. Development of group identity/social cohesion was also a motivator to walk. Collective efficacy emerged as an applicable theoretic model encompassing these themes and their interrelationship.

CONCLUSION:

Collective efficacy, or the belief that the group can improve their lives through collective effort, is a viable theoretic construct in the development of physical activity interventions targeting Mexican-Americans with diabetes.

PMID:
19601479
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC4457370
Free PMC Article
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