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J Clin Epidemiol. 2010 Feb;63(2):205-14. doi: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2009.03.017. Epub 2009 Jul 12.

Development and validation of a prediction model with missing predictor data: a practical approach.

Author information

  • 1Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Str 6.131, P.O. Box 85500, 3508 GA, Utrecht, The Netherlands. y.vergouwe@umcutrecht.nl

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To illustrate the sequence of steps needed to develop and validate a clinical prediction model, when missing predictor values have been multiply imputed.

STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING:

We used data from consecutive primary care patients suspected of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) to develop and validate a diagnostic model for the presence of DVT. Missing values were imputed 10 times with the MICE conditional imputation method. After the selection of predictors and transformations for continuous predictors according to three different methods, we estimated regression coefficients and performance measures.

RESULTS:

The three methods to select predictors and transformations of continuous predictors showed similar results. Rubin's rules could easily be applied to estimate regression coefficients and performance measures, once predictors and transformations were selected.

CONCLUSION:

We provide a practical approach for model development and validation with multiply imputed data.

Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
19596181
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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