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J Occup Health. 2009;51(5):404-11. Epub 2009 Jul 10.

Outdoor workers' perceptions of the risks of excess sun-exposure.

Author information

  • 1School of Population Health, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Auckland, New Zealand. j.mccool@auckland.ac.nz

Erratum in

  • J Occup Health. 2009;51(6):E2.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To describe the pattern of associations with sunscreen use of sun protection attitudes and knowledge in a large sample of New Zealand outdoor workers. We also examined the relationship between perceived skin type and perceived risk of developing skin cancer.

METHODS:

Outdoor workers from nine occupational groups (n=1,131) completed a questionnaire, which included measures of skin cancer related risk perceptions, knowledge and sunscreen use.

RESULTS:

Sunscreen use was associated with perceived prioritization of sun-protection, concern about sun-exposure, knowledge about the effects of sun-exposure and perceived supportive workplace culture. These variables accounted for 37% of the variation in sunscreen use. Maori, younger workers and forestry workers least likely to report sunscreen use and sun-exposure risk perception.

CONCLUSIONS:

Interventions that strengthen knowledge about risks and values of sun protection are likely to increase sun protection efforts. However, interventions for outdoor workers need to take into account potential socio-demographic, personal and workplace influences are required to prevent the risk of developing non-melanoma skin cancers within this population group.

PMID:
19590155
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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