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J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2009 Oct;64(10):1015-24. doi: 10.1093/gerona/glp089. Epub 2009 Jul 8.

Accelerated features of age-related bone loss in zmpste24 metalloproteinase-deficient mice.

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  • 1Lady Davis Institute, McGill University, MontrĂ©al, Quebec, Canada.

Abstract

Age-related bone loss is associated with changes in bone cellularity, which include marrow fat infiltration and decreasing levels of osteoblastogenesis. The mechanisms that explain these changes remain unclear. Although nuclear lamina alterations occur in premature aging syndromes that include changes in body fat and severe osteoporosis, the role of proteins of the nuclear lamina in age-related bone loss remains unknown. Using the Zmpste24-null progeroid mice (Zmpste24(-/-)), which exhibit nuclear lamina defects and accumulate unprocessed prelamin A, we identified several alterations in bone cellularity in vivo. We found that defective prelamin A processing induced accelerated features of age-related bone loss including lower osteoblast and osteocyte numbers and higher levels of marrow adipogenesis. In summary, processing of prelamin A could become a new approach to regulate osteoblastogenesis and bone turnover and thus for the prevention and treatment of senile osteoporosis.

PMID:
19587107
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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