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Bioorg Med Chem. 2009 Aug 1;17(15):5665-75. doi: 10.1016/j.bmc.2009.06.014. Epub 2009 Jun 13.

Development of N-[11C]methylamino 4-hydroxy-2(1H)-quinolone derivatives as PET radioligands for the glycine-binding site of NMDA receptors.

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  • 1Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan.


In this study, we synthesized and evaluated several amino 4-hydroxy-2(1H)-quinolone (4HQ) derivatives as new PET radioligand candidates for the glycine site of the NMDA receptors. Among these ligands, we discovered that 7-chloro-4-hydroxy-3-{3-(4-methylaminobenzyl) phenyl}-2-(1H)-quinolone (12) and 5-ethyl-7-chloro-4-hydroxy-3-(3-methylaminophenyl)-2(1H)-quinolone (32) have high affinity for the glycine site (K(i) values; 11.7 nM for 12 and 11.8 nM for 32). In vitro autoradiography experiments indicated that [(11)C]12 and [(11)C]32 showed high specific binding in the brain slices, which were strongly inhibited by both glycine agonists and antagonists. In vivo brain uptake of these (11)C-labeled 4HQs were examined in normal mice. Cerebellum to blood ratio of accumulation, of both [(11)C]12 and [(11)C]32 at 30 min were 0.058, which were slightly higher than those of cerebrum to blood ratio (0.043 and 0.042, respectively). These results indicated that [(11)C]12 and [(11)C]32 have poor blood brain barrier permeability. Although the plasma protein-binding ratio of [(11)C]32 was much lower than methoxy analogs (71% vs 94-98%, respectively), [(11)C]32 still binds with plasma protein strongly. It is conjectured that still acidic moiety and high affinity with plasma protein of [(11)C]32 may prevent in vivo brain uptake. In conclusion, [(11)C]12 and [(11)C]32 are unsuitable for imaging cerebral NMDA receptors.

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