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Spinal Cord. 2010 Jan;48(1):65-72. doi: 10.1038/sc.2009.87. Epub 2009 Jul 7.

Physical activity and subjective well-being among people with spinal cord injury: a meta-analysis.

Author information

  • 1Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8S4K1. martink@mcmaster.ca

Abstract

STUDY DESIGN:

Meta-analysis of cross-sectional, quasi-experimental and experimental studies.

OBJECTIVE:

To determine if there is an association between physical activity (PA) and subjective well-being (SWB) among people living with spinal cord injury (SCI).

METHODS:

Literature searches were conducted using multiple databases (Embase, CINAHL, Medline, PsychINFO and SPORTDiscus) to identify studies involving people with SCI that included a measure of PA and at least one measure of SWB (for example, symptoms of depression, life satisfaction, mood). Relevant data were extracted from the studies and subjected to meta-analysis.

RESULTS:

A total of 21 studies were retrieved yielding 78 effect sizes and a total sample size of 2354. Overall, there were statistically significant, small- to medium-sized effects for the relationships between PA and SWB (broadly defined), PA and depressive symptoms, and PA and life satisfaction. Studies using experimental and quasi-experimental designs yielded larger effects for SWB (broadly defined) and life satisfaction, than studies using nonexperimental study designs.

CONCLUSIONS:

There is a small- to medium-sized positive relationship between PA and SWB among people with SCI that holds across a wide range of measures and operational definitions of these constructs.

PMID:
19581918
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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