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Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2009 Jul-Aug;26(5):356-62. doi: 10.1080/08880010902973251.

Severe hypochromic microcytic anemia in a patient with congenital atransferrinemia.

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  • 1Department of Pediatric Hematology-Oncology, Mofid Children's Hospital, Shahid Beheshti Medical University, Tehran, Iran.


Congenital atransferrinemia or hypotransferrinemia is a very rare autosomal recessive disorder, characterized by a deficiency of transferrin, resulting in hypochromic, microcytic anemia and hemosiderosis. The authors describe a 10-year-old Iranian girl with hypochromic microcytic anemia. The age presentation of anemia was 3 months. Further evaluations indicate severe hypochromic microcytic anemia with decreased serum levels of iron, TIBC, and increased serum level of ferritin in this patient. The serum level of transferrin was decreased. The diagnosis of atransferrinemia was confirmed. Although atransferrinemia is a rare condition, it should be considered in the cases with hypochromic microcytic anemia, decreased serum levels of iron, TIBC, and increased serum level of ferritin.

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