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J Foot Ankle Surg. 2009 Jul-Aug;48(4):447-51. doi: 10.1053/j.jfas.2009.03.004.

Surgical correction of Haglund's triad using complete detachment and reattachment of the Achilles tendon.

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  • 1Wheaton Franciscan Healthcare, Wauwatosa, WI 53226, USA.


Haglund's triad consists of the simultaneous presentation of the following clinical entities: Achilles tendinosis, Haglund's deformity, and retrocalcaneal bursitis. In this retrospective study, we review outcomes following the surgical treatment of Haglund's triad by means of complete detachment and reattachment of the Achilles tendon, removal of the retrocalcaneal exostosis, and excision of the retrocalcaneal bursa through a medial J-shaped approach. Patients were identified via chart review, and sent consent forms and a questionnaire consisting of a visual analog scale (VAS), a satisfaction survey, and the Maryland Foot Score. Seventeen patients (22 feet) met the inclusion criteria and returned the consent and questionnaires. Their mean age was 51.6 +/- 11.6 years, and the mean duration of postoperative follow-up was 40.1 +/- 27.0 months. The mean preoperative VAS was 7.9 +/- 2.3, and the postoperative VAS was 1.6 +/- 1.3 (P < .001). The mean postoperative Maryland Foot Score was 91.5 +/- 9.1, with 16 good to excellent results. Of the 17 patients, 16 were satisfied and only 1 was somewhat unsatisfied. Four complications were observed, and 1 of these required further surgical intervention. The outcome of this study demonstrated that surgical correction of Haglund's triad using a medial "J" approach, complete detachment and reattachment of the Achilles tendon, exostectomy, and retrocalcaneal bursectomy provided patient satisfaction with limited complications.



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