Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Med Clin North Am. 2009 Jul;93(4):819-36, vii. doi: 10.1016/j.mcna.2009.03.009.

Hepatic encephalopathy: pathophysiology and emerging therapies.

Author information

  • 1Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA.

Abstract

Hepatic encephalopathy is characterized by neuropsychiatric abnormalities in patients with liver failure. Severe hepatic encephalopathy is an indication for liver transplantation as it portends poor outcome. Treatment of hepatic encephalopathy involves correction of precipitating factors such as sepsis, gastrointestinal bleeding, medications, and electrolyte imbalance. Effective therapies include lactulose and antibiotics such as neomycin, metronidazole, and rifaximin.

PMID:
19577116
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk