Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Sci Med Sport. 2010 Jul;13(4):410-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jsams.2009.04.010. Epub 2009 Jul 1.

Mortality and longevity of elite athletes.

Author information

  • 1Department of Sports Education Leadership, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, USA. teramot4@unlv.nevada.edu

Abstract

The health benefits of leisure-time physical activity are well known, however the effects of engaging in competitive sports on health are uncertain. This literature review examines mortality and longevity of elite athletes and attempts to understand the association between long-term vigorous exercise training and survival rates. Fourteen articles of epidemiological studies were identified and classified by type of sport. Life expectancy, standardised mortality ratio, standardised proportionate mortality ratio, mortality rate, and mortality odds ratio for all causes of death were used to analyse mortality and longevity of elite athletes. It appears that elite endurance (aerobic) athletes and mixed-sports (aerobic and anaerobic) athletes survive longer than the general population, as indicated by lower mortality and higher longevity. Lower cardiovascular disease mortality is likely the primary reason for their better survival rates. On the other hand, there are inconsistent results among studies of power (anaerobic) athletes. When elite athletes engaging in various sports are analysed together, their mortality is lower than that of the general population. In conclusion, long-term vigorous exercise training is associated with increased survival rates of specific groups of athletes.

Copyright 2009 Sports Medicine Australia. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PMID:
19574095
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk