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J Korean Acad Nurs. 2009 Jun;39(3):311-20. doi: 10.4040/jkan.2009.39.3.311.

[Analyses of studies on cardiac rehabilitation for patients with cardiovascular disease in Korea].

[Article in Korean]

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  • 1School of Nursing, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA.



This study was to analyze research reports published in Korea on cardiac rehabilitation for patients with cardiovascular disease.


Based on inclusion criteria, 19 research reports were included in this review. Published year of selected articles was between 1996 and 2008. Nineteen studies were analyzed by guidelines of the cardiac rehabilitation programs done by the American Heart Association (AHA) and Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN).


The characteristics of patients were mostly of ischemic heart disease, 50-59 yr old, and male. Educational sessions were administered twice, and each lesson lasted less than 30 min. Exercise was done 3 times per week for 6 weeks. Most educational content were about risk factors, but there was no information, such as coping with feelings. Most exercise was performed as ROM, treadmill, and cycle ergometer. A large percentage of outcome indicators were health behavior, hemodynamic changes, and exercise capacity. There was more 'no effect' than 'positive effect' in trait anxiety and depression, whereas similar in physiologic domain.


Various types of cardiac rehabilitation in Korea were performed by researchers. Therefore, we need to develop the standard protocol, to add psychosocial intervention, and to study cost effectiveness of cardiac rehabilitation.

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