Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2009 Aug;48(8):791-9. doi: 10.1097/CHI.0b013e3181ab8b75.

Childhood risk factors for lifetime anorexia nervosa by age 30 years in a national birth cohort.

Author information

  • 1Institute of Child Health, University College London, UK. d.nicholls@ich.ucl.ac.uk

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine whether previously identified childhood risk factors for anorexia nervosa (AN) predict self-reported lifetime AN by age 30 years in a prospective birth cohort.

METHOD:

Using data from the 1970 British Cohort Study, at birth, 5, 10, and 30 years, we examined associations between suggested childhood risk factors and self-reported lifetime AN at 30 years, adjusted for sex and socioeconomic status.

RESULTS:

Anorexia nervosa was independently predicted by female sex (odds ratio [OR] 22.1), infant feeding problems (OR 2.6), maternal depressive symptoms (OR 1.8), and a history of undereating (OR 2.7). High self-esteem (OR 0.3) and higher maternal body mass index (OR 0.91) were protective.

CONCLUSIONS:

Of 22 suggested risk factors for AN, only four risk and two protective factors were confirmed in this prospective cohort study. We did not identify a role for perinatal factors, parenting, childhood body mass index, childhood emotional or sleep problems, academic ability, or exercise.

PMID:
19564797
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk