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Talanta. 2009 Jul 15;79(2):222-8. doi: 10.1016/j.talanta.2009.03.039. Epub 2009 Mar 26.

Biosensor for chlorogenic acid based on an ionic liquid containing iridium nanoparticles and polyphenol oxidase.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 88040-900 Florian√≥polis, SC, Brazil.


A biosensor based on the ionic liquid, 1-n-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate containing dispersed iridium nanoparticles (Ir-BMI.PF(6)) and polyphenol oxidase was constructed. This enzyme was obtained from the sugar apple (Annona squamosa), immobilized in chitosan ionically crosslinked with oxalate. The biosensor was used for determination of chlorogenic acid by square wave voltammetry. The polyphenol oxidase catalyzes the oxidation of chlorogenic acid to the corresponding o-quinone, which is electrochemically reduced back to this substance at +0.25V vs. Ag/AgCl. Under optimized operational conditions the chlorogenic acid concentration was linear in the range of 3.48x10(-6) to 4.95x10(-5)mol L(-1) with a detection limit of 9.15x10(-7)mol L(-1). The biosensor was applied in the determination of chlorogenic acid in organic and decaffeinated coffee and the results compared with those obtained using the capillary electrophoresis method. The recovery study for chlorogenic acid in these samples gave values of 93.2-105.7%.

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