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Gastrointest Endosc. 2009 Jul;70(1):159-65. doi: 10.1016/j.gie.2009.02.022.

Colonoscopic full-thickness resection of the colon in a porcine model as a prelude to endoscopic surgery of difficult colon polyps: a novel technique (with videos).

Author information

  • 1Department of Medicine, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, USA. gsraju@mdanderson.org

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Colonoscopic full-thickness resection (CFTR) of the colon may obviate the need for surgical resection of benign lesions.

OBJECTIVE:

To develop an animal model for CFTR of the colon followed by endoscopic suture closure with through-the-endoscope devices.

DESIGN:

Pilot study.

SETTING:

University medical center.

ANIMALS:

Twenty pigs.

INTERVENTIONS:

A 2-cm circular area was resected on the antimesenteric side of the colon (phase 1, n = 10) and on the mesenteric side (phase 2, n = 10) by using an insulated tip knife cut followed by the use of a grasping forceps and a snare to resect and retrieve the specimen. The tissue apposition system was used to close the defect.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS:

Resection and closure times were recorded. The animals were euthanized at 2 weeks and examined for peritonitis, adhesions, wound healing, and T-tag injury to adjacent viscera.

RESULTS:

The CFTR was successful in all 20 attempts. The median resection time was 6 minutes (range 2.5-35 minutes). Suture closure was successful in 19 animals. It took a median time of 41 minutes (range 21-125 minutes) and 4 sutures to close the defect. Eighteen animals survived without clinical signs of distress; there was a well-healed scar without peritonitis or distant adhesions on necropsy at 2 weeks. One animal failed to thrive, and necropsy revealed mild peritonitis, small abscesses, distant adhesions, and a 2-mm hole at the suture site. Two of the 132 T-tags were inserted in the adjacent viscera.

LIMITATIONS:

Colon resection in the proximal colon was not studied.

CONCLUSIONS:

In this animal model, CFTR of the colon followed by suture closure can be accomplished successfully by using through-the-endoscope devices.

PMID:
19559838
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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