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J Am Diet Assoc. 2009 Jul;109(7):1246-50. doi: 10.1016/j.jada.2009.04.010.

Association of depressive symptoms and lifestyle behaviors among Latinos at risk of type 2 diabetes.

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  • 1Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine, Universityof Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake AveNorth, Worcester, MA 01655, USA.


Little is known about depression among Latinos at risk for type 2 diabetes. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to determine the rate of depression in Latinos at risk for type 2 diabetes and to examine the associations between depressive symptoms, diet, physical activity, and body mass index (BMI; calculated as kg/m(2)). Latinos at risk for type 2 diabetes (n=210) were surveyed from July 2007 to August 2008. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). Three 24-hour recalls were used to assess diet and physical activity. Linear regression analyses were used to examine the association between depression, BMI, and lifestyle factors. The sample (78% female) was largely of Caribbean origin (83%) and mean age was 52 years (standard deviation [SD]=11 years). Mean BMI was 34.2 (SD=5.9) and 77% were obese. Average CES-D score was 16.3 (SD=11.3; range=0-45) and 50% had CES-D score > or =16, suggesting clinical depression. Higher CES-D scores were associated with lower diet quality (P<0.05), but were not associated with BMI or physical activity. Depression and lower dietary quality can contribute to risk for type 2 diabetes among Latinos.

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