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HNO. 2009 Aug;57(8):845-50. doi: 10.1007/s00106-009-1951-y.

[Acromegaly-associated lesions of the nasal mucosa. Case report].

[Article in German]

Author information

  • 1Bereich Hypophysenchirurgie, Neurochirurgische Klinik, Universitätskrankenhaus Hamburg-Eppendorf, Martinistrasse 52, 20246, Hamburg. flitsch@uke.uni-hamburg.de

Abstract

Acromegaly is a rare disease caused by a growth-hormone-secreting pituitary adenoma. Symptoms include enlargement of the hands, feet, and jaw with growing dental interspaces, as well as hypertrophy of the tongue and nasal and sinusoidal mucosa. The two latter symptoms are mostly responsible for the accompanying obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Besides these "cosmetic" symptoms, the disease is associated with hypertension and diabetes mellitus, as well as with an increased risk for adenomas and carcinomas of the colon. The average time span from first symptom to diagnosis is well over 6 years; a single determination of insulin-like growth factor 1 in serum can confirm the disease. The treatment of choice remains surgical resection of the adenoma in suitable patients, whereas in extensive disease with invasion of surrounding tissue, drug therapy and/or radiotherapy may be necessary.

PMID:
19557321
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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