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World J Gastroenterol. 2009 Jun 28;15(24):2945-59.

Acute pancreatitis at the beginning of the 21st century: the state of the art.

Abstract

Acute pancreatitis is an acute inflammatory disease of the pancreas which can lead to a systemic inflammatory response syndrome with significant morbidity and mortality in 20% of patients. Gallstones and alcohol consumption are the most frequent causes of pancreatitis in adults. The treatment of mild acute pancreatitis is conservative and supportive; however severe episodes characterized by necrosis of the pancreatic tissue may require surgical intervention. Advanced understanding of the pathology, and increased interest in assessment of disease severity are the cornerstones of future management strategies of this complex and heterogeneous disease in the 21st century.

PMID:
19554647
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2702102
Free PMC Article
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