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Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2009 Feb 3;89(4):224-9.

[Methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 gene and CDKL5 gene mutation in patients with Rett syndrome: analysis of 177 Chinese pediatric patients].

[Article in Chinese]

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034, China.



To study the spectrum of mutations in methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 gene (MECP2) and cyclin-dependent kinase-like 5 gene (CDKL5) in Chinese pediatric patients with Rett syndrome (RTT), and establish a simple, quick, and efficient gene test method as well as screen a strategy of genetic diagnosis for RTT.


Genomic DNA was extracted using standard procedures from the peripheral blood leukocytes of 117 pediatric patients diagnosed from 1987 to 2007. PCR was used to amplify the exons 1 - 4 of MECP2 using published primers. If no mutation was identified after screening exons 2 - 4, exon 1 was screened. If no mutation was identified in MECP2 by sequencing, multiplex ligation dependent probe amplification (MLPA) was employed to screen for large deletions by using P015C kit. If no mutation was identified in the MECP2 by sequencing and MLPA respectively, then the coding region of CDKL5 was screened by denaturing high performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC).


The total mutation frequency in MECP2 and CDKL5 genes among all RTT patients was 82%. MECP2 mutations were found in 86% (137/159) of the patients with classical RTT and in 44% (8/18) of those with atypical RTT. Most of the mutations were missense mutations, accounting for 39%, followed in order of frequency by nonsense mutations 28%, frame shift mutations 17% and large deletions 14.5%. The eight most frequent MECP2 mutations were p.T158M (13%), p.R168X (12%), c.806delG (7%), p.R255X (6%), p.R270X (5%), p.R133C (5%), p.R306C (4%), and p.R106W (3%), with p.T158M as the most common of the MECP2 mutations and c.806delG as a hotspot mutation in Chinese patients with RTT. Only one synonymous mutation was identified in CDKL5.


The spectrum of MECP2 mutations within the mainland Chinese RTT patients is similar to that of those patients reported in the world. p.T158M, p.R168X, c.806delG, p.R255X, p.R270X, p.R133C, p.R306C, and p.R106W are the hotspot mutations of MECP2 and c.806delG is a specific hotspot mutation in Chinese patients with RTT. The most effective method to screen mutations is to screen the exon 4. MLPA is an effective supplement to the routine methods.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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